Mesopotamian mythology is essentially the combination of the ancient Babylonian, Assyrian, Akkadian and Summerian myths. Each of these peoples feeded and developed their own religious beliefs, but their proximity to one another help in the forging of an intertwined mythology, also, the influence of other surrounding cultures such as the Hittites and the Phoenicians give it a rather diverse background and some inconsistent areas due to some groups holding on to certain original beliefs while incorporating some of others.
The area once known as Mesopotamia is the southwestern Asian region between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers (the very area that is now modern-day Iraq). Carbon tests estimate that humans first settled in the area around 5000 years Before Christ. This area gave birth to many of the world's modern religions such as Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, all of which are strongly rooted in these ancient religions.